Sunday, September 24, 2017

AIDS does Matter

In this modern time of unsafe sex, drug use, child abuse, tattoos, and unsafe environment, it is right to say that every human being’s health and life could be at risk. Exposure or acquiring highly infectious diseases is not by far impossible; and really, AIDS do matter.

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) or Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) respects no one – everyone is susceptible to this deadly virus. A virus so powerful that even until today, it still doesn’t have a cure. With this virus, age doesn’t matter.

 

What is AIDS?

-       This is one of the most deadly diseases that plagued human history since its first discovery in New York 20 years ago. Today, estimated 42 million people are suffering from this disease. Almost 3 million people including children die from this every year.

-       This disease is caused by HIV.

-       This virus destroys the CD4 helper lymphocyte – a type of defense cell in our body that is part of our body’s immune system. These lymphocytes usually defend our bodies against any infectious disease. However, since HIV destroys them, our bodies will no longer have protection from infectious diseases. Thus, giving the body an immune deficient condition – AIDS.

 

How Does HIV destroy our body?

Normally, our body is equipped with CD4 cells that help our immune system to function normally and fight against infectious diseases. HIV destroys these cells by infecting them and using them as a reproduction place. Thus, HIV destroys the CD4’s ability to do the actual job of helping the immune system thereby causing the body to be susceptible to several forms of infection. Because the body’s immune system is weak, a person with HIV/AIDS is incapable of fighting off many infections, especially tuberculosis and other rare infections connected to the lungs like pneumonia; and some other diseases in the brain like meningitis and encephalitis.

People who have AIDS tend to be getting sicker, especially if they are not taking antiviral medications properly.

AIDS can affect every body system. The immune defect caused by having too few CD4 cells also permits some cancers that are stimulated by viral illness to occur. Some people with AIDS get forms of lymphoma and a rare tumor of blood vessels in the skin called Kaposi's sarcoma. Because AIDS is fatal, it is important that doctors detect HIV infection as early as possible so a person can take medication to delay the onset of AIDS.

How does one get HIV/AIDS?

Some high-risk acts usually help this virus into spreading:

-       unsafe sex

-       using used needles in drug injections, steroids, or in tattooing

-       sexually transmitted diseases such as genital herpes, gonorrhea, and syphilis

-       a child born from an infected mother

-       blood transfusion

 

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms will not appear immediately. It could take years after the activities above will cause to show these symptoms:

-       when blood lacks CD4 lymphocytes

-       unexplained recurring fever

-       chronic diarrhea

-       extreme weight loss

-       frequent cough

-       heavy sweating during night time

-       white spot in the mouth or throat

-       trouble with remembering things

-       rashes in the skin and mouth

-       genital and anal sore

-       vaginal yeast infections

 

Preventions

HIV is a very dangerous virus and can stay in a person’s body without him actually knowing it. With that, the carrier could actually spread the virus unknowingly. Doctors’ suggestions to avoid HIV are the following:

-       practice safe sex

-       use latex condom during sex

-       don’t share needles

-       avoid contact with bodily fluids containing HIV

-       abstain from sex

 

Misconceptions on HIV/AIDS

There have been myths and misconceptions today about AIDS. These are the most common ones:

-       AIDS can be spread through casual contacts

-       having a sexual intercourse with a virgin will cure AIDS

-       HIV can only infect gays and men

-       HIV can only infect drug users

-       anal intercourse between gay men can lead to AIDS

 

HIV/AIDS is a very deadly disease – one may never know if he is already infected or not. One thing is for sure though, that the world is not as safe as it was used to be. One can only hope for this disease to somehow, someday be cured so that many lives can be saved.